Ethnography collection


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3300, Eger, Vár 1.
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Ethnography collection

Egri Programok

The basis for our ethnographic collection that containers 1,368 items are pieces acquired by the art collector and dealer Mrs György Szegedy Maszák, neé Valéria Holló. The most significant groups of objects are: traditional costumes, folkweave items, pieces of folk embroidery from the regions of Kalotaszeg, Upper Hungary, Mezőkövesd and Sárköz, pottery mostly from Northern Hungary and Transylvania, as well as shepherd art carvings from Transdanubia.

Most items found in the collection are from Heves County. Several complete furnishings can be seen in the traditional country houses of the county (Abasár, Átány, Kisnána, Nagyréde, Noszvaj, Parád and Verpelét).

Other parts of the ethnographic collection include the collections of traditional costumes and textiles where the numbers of items is close to 4,500. Among the objects are folkweave goods, embroideries on linen, complete sets of traditional costumes, felt and sheepskin shepherd's cloaks and sheepskin waistcoats.
Another important part of the collection includes tools used in traditional professions, farming and housekeeping. There are two completely furnished blacksmith shops, a cooperage and a joinery. Rare objects have also been added to the collection for other professions such as: slipper-maker, bootmaker, hatter, textile dyer, basket weaver, stonemason, cellar builder and gingerbread maker.

Ethnography collection
Ethnography collection

The farming collection contains tools used on small farms for animal husbandry and crop farming. The most significant pieces are the items from wineries from Eger and the surrounding area: vine pruning knives, presses and barrels.

The shepherd art collection of the museum is also noteworthy. Shepherds used to make their own tools and those more adept at crafting often decorated them. Among the tools used for their craft was the herding stick, bullwhip, axe, fat containers for animals, spice containers, salt containers, razor containers, water containers, mirrors, drinking vessels and knives used for outdoor living. Shepherds were often musicians and crafted flutes and pipes for themselves. On request they also carved different gift items and items for personal use for the villagers: laundry bats and boards, standing mirrors, picture frames, chair-backs, forks and spoons.

The pottery, furniture and toy collection is also a part of the ethnographic collection as well as the Palóc, Visonta, Bakó photo collection.